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    宗教门户网:物理学家“证明”神不存在、上帝没有创立宇宙-HISTORIC DISCOVERY: Physicists ”PROVE“ God DIDN'T create the Universe

    分类栏目:宗教争鸣

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    NASAInflation theory: Mind-blowing expansion in nano seconds
    https://www.express.co.uk/news/science/612340/Origin-of-the-universe-riddle-solved-by-Canadian-phys

    Physicists discover origins of universe not GodNASA

    Inflation theory: Mind-blowing expansion in nano seconds
    https://www.express.co.uk/news/science/612340/Origin-of-the-universe-riddle-solved-by-Canadian-physicists-and-er-it-wasn-t-God

    The colossal question has troubled religions, philosophers and scientists since the dawn of time but now a Canadian team believe they have solved the riddle.

    And the findings are so conclusive they even challenge the need for religion, or at least an omnipotent creator – the basis of all world religions.

     


    Scientists have long known that miniscule particles, called virtual particles, come into existence from nothing all the time.

    But a team led by Prof Mir Faizal, at the Dept of Physics and Astronomy, at the University of Waterloo, in Ontario, Canada, has successfully applied the theory to the very creation of existence itself.

     

    He said: “Virtual particles contain a very small amount of energy and exist for a very small amount of time. 

    “However what was difficult to explain was how did such a small amount of energy give rise to a big universe like ours?”

    Cosmos space origins universeNASA

    The cosmos came into being from nothing and remains 'nothing', according to the study

    The universe still is nothing, it’s just more elegantly ordered nothing

    Prof Mir Faisal

    Enter 'inflation' theory.

    Prof Mir used some mind-boggling mathematics and two recent theories:

    • The Minimum Length Scale – a measurement so infinitesimally small that space and time cease to exist. 

    • Doubly Special Relativity – which takes advantage of the massive energies available just after the birth of the universe.

    Under Inflation Theory the tiny energies and lifespan of the virtual particle become infinitely magnified, resulting in our 13.8 Billion-year-old universe.

     

    Just to make things more complicated Dr Mir says we have been looking at the question ‘how did the universe come from nothing?’ all wrong.

    According to the extraordinary findings, the question is irrelevant because the universe STILL is nothing.

    Dr Mir said: “Something did not come from nothing. The universe still is nothing, it’s just more elegantly ordered nothing.”

    He added that the negative gravitational energy of the universe and the positive matter energy of the universe basically balanced out and created a zero sum.

     


    Asked if the remarkable findings and the convincing if complex solution removed the need for a God figure to kick start the universe Dr Mir said: “If by God you mean a supernatural super man who breaks his own laws then yes he’s done for, you just don’t need him.

    “But if you mean God as a great mathematician, then yes!”

    What Prof. Mir was referring to is known as inflation. According to inflation the total positive energy in the form of matter exactly balances the negative energy in form of gravity, such that the total energy of our universe is still zero.  

     

    Big Bang graphicNASA

    Creation explained: Inflation simplified

    Prof. Mir - who also works on the  in Switzerland - further explained that by "nothing" he only meant absence of energy, and not the absence of laws of physics. 

    He said that for him the physics in space and time was only an approximation to some purely mathematical theory describing nature, and so space and time, and all the structure in it should be produced as a consequence  of some purely mathematical theory. 

    Prof Mir said: “The story starts with laws of quantum mechanics, where the energy of a system at any given time known with absolute certainly. So, basically we cannot also state that a system has zero energy as that would be amount to specifying an exact amount of energy at a given time.

    "This uncertainty which occurs due to quantum mechanics can lead to the creation of small amount of energy from nothing as long as it exists only for a very small amount of time. Such particle created out of nothing are called virtual particles. The consequences of the existence of such virtual particles has been tested experimentally.

    God universe origins meaning of lifeGETTY

    The findings 'remove the need' for God, according to Prof. Mir

    “The problem with this explanation is that such virtual particles can only have a small amount of energy for a very small amount of time.

    "To get a universe the size of our universe from such small amount of energy, a theory called inflation is used.

    "According to inflation the small amount of energy created from nothing underwent a rapid expansion, resulting in the formation of the universe as we see it today. During this time, the positive energy in the  matter of the universe and negative energy in form of gravity was created such that they exactly balanced each other. The total energy of the universe still being zero.

    Large Hadron Collider Cern origins of universe GodCERN

    Data from the Large Hadron Collider at CERN was used to make the discovery

    “Even though inflation has been studied before, recently it has been studied using a new theory called doubly special relativity. 

    “According to doubly special relativity there is a maximum energy and no particle in the universe can attain an energy greater than that energy. 

    “Just as Einstein’s theory of relativity reduces to Newton’s theory for low velocities, doubly special relativity reduces to Einstein’s theory of relativity for low enough energies."

    Nebulae nubula stars inflationNASA

    Nebulae like this are easily explained by the theory of cosmic inflation
    He added: "Just as we do not observe any effect from Einstein’s theory of relativity for objects traveling slowly, we do not observe any effect from doubly special relativity even for particles at low energies.

    "This maximum energy (Planck energy) is so large that even the particle at the LHC can be considered to possess low enough energies compared to it. 

    “However, the energy at the beginning of the universe is large enough to consider the effects coming from doubly special relativity.”

    University of Waterloo, OntarioUniversity of Waterloo

    Universe university? University of Waterloo, Ontario where Prof Mir works
    The team of three scientists,  Ahmed Farag Ali, Mir Faizal and Mohammed M. Khalil analysed inflation using doubly special relativity and their findings have now been published in the prestigious Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics (JCAP). 

    They also combined doubly special relativity with a theoretical minimum length scale in nature. It has been suggested by many scientists that the nature should have a minimum length scale.

    Prof Mir added: “This means if you divide a stick into half, you cannot continue this process indefinitely. As you will come across a length scale below which space does not exist. 

    “This length is also so small that it is usually neglected by scientists when studding most phenomena.

    "But it cannot be neglected when the beginning of  the universe. The effect of the existence of this minimum length on inflation had been studied before by Brian Greene (Author of the famous book Elegant Universe).

    "However, this is the first time that inflation has been studied by combining the doubly special relativity with the existence of a minimum length scale in nature.”



    https://www.express.co.uk/news/science/612340/Origin-of-the-universe-riddle-solved-by-Canadian-physicists-and-er-it-wasn-t-God
    自从时间开始以来,这个庞大的问题困扰着宗教,哲学家和科学家,但现在加拿大的一个团队认为他们已经解决了这个谜团。

    这些发现是如此具有决定性,甚至挑战了对宗教的需求,或者至少是一个无所不能的创造者 - 所有世界宗教的基础。





    科学家们早就知道,微小的粒子,称为虚粒子,一直都是从零开始存在的。

    但是,由加拿大安大略省滑铁卢大学物理与天文系的Mir Faizal教授领导的团队已经成功地将该理论应用于存在本身的创造。



    他说:“虚拟粒子含有非常少量的能量,并且存在的时间非常短。

    “然而,难以解释的是,如此少量的能量如何产生像我们这样的大宇宙?”

    NASA

    根据这项研究,宇宙从无到有而成为“无所有”
    宇宙仍然没有什么,它只是更优雅地命令没有

    Mir Faisal教授

    输入'通胀'理论。

    米尔教授使用了一些令人难以置信的数学和两个最近的理论:

    •最小长度标度 - 一种无限小的测量,空间和时间不再存在。

    •双重狭义相对论 - 利用宇宙诞生后的大量能量。

    在通货膨胀理论下,虚拟粒子的微小能量和寿命变得无限放大,从而形成了我们138亿年前的宇宙。



    只是为了让事情变得更复杂米尔博士说,我们一直在研究“宇宙是如何从无到有而来的?”的问题。

    根据非凡的调查结果,这个问题无关紧要,因为宇宙仍然没有。

    米尔博士说:“有些事情并非一无所获。宇宙仍然没有任何东西,只是更优雅地命令。“

    他补充说,宇宙的负引力能量和宇宙的正物质能量基本上是平衡的,并创造了一个零和。





    当被问及这些显着的发现和令人信服的复杂解决方案是否消除了需要一个神的形象来启动宇宙时,米尔博士说:“如果上帝你的意思是一个超自然的超级男人打破他自己的法律,那么是的他已经完成了,你只是不需要他。

    “但如果你的意思是上帝是一位伟大的数学家,那么是的!”

    米尔教授所指的是通货膨胀。根据膨胀,物质形式的总正能量以重力的形式精确平衡负能量,使得我们宇宙的总能量仍为零。



    NASA

    创作解释:通货膨胀简化
    米尔教授 - 他也在瑞士欧洲核子研究中心的大型Hardron对撞机上工作 - 进一步解释说,“没有”他只是意味着缺乏能量,而不是缺乏物理定律。

    他说,对于他来说,空间和时间的物理学只是一种描述自然的纯粹数学理论的近似,因此空间和时间以及其中的所有结构都应该由一些纯粹的数学理论产生。

    米尔教授说:“故事始于量子力学定律,在任何特定时间,系统的能量绝对是绝对的。因此,基本上我们也不能说系统具有零能量,因为这将等于在给定时间指定精确的能量。

    “由于量子力学而产生的这种不确定性只要它存在很短的时间就会导致从无到有产生少量能量。这种无中生有的粒子称为虚粒子。已经通过实验测试了这种虚拟粒子的存在。

    GETTY

    米尔教授表示,调查结果“消除了对上帝的需要”
    “这种解释的问题在于,这种虚拟粒子只能在很短的时间内获得少量能量。

    “为了从这么小的能量中获得宇宙大小的宇宙,使用了一种称为膨胀的理论。

    “根据通货膨胀,从无到有产生的少量能量经历了快速扩张,导致我们今天看到的宇宙形成。在此期间,宇宙物质中的正能量和重力形式的负能量它被创造出来,使它们完全相互平衡。宇宙的总能量仍为零。

    CERN

    来自欧洲核子研究中心的大型强子对撞机的数据被用于发现
    “尽管之前已经对通货膨胀进行了研究,但最近已经使用一种称为双重狭义相对论的新理论对其进行了研究。

    “根据双重狭义相对论,有一个最大的能量,宇宙中没有粒子可以达到en

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